Glories of Govardhana Hill
Appearance of Govardhana Hill
Krishna's Lifting of Govardhana Hill
Govardhana Parikrama Kusuma
Sanatana Goswami Bhajana Kutira Aniyora
Village Govinda Kunda
Appearance of Govardhana Hill
Krishna’s father Nanda Maharaja once inquired from his brother
Upananda how Govardhana Hill had appeared in the sacred land of Vrindavana.
Upananda replied that King Pandu, father of the Pandavas, had asked this very
question to Grandfather Bhisma, who had narrated the following story from the Garga Samhita:
One day in Goloka
Krishna informed Srimati Radharani that
She should now appear on earth as it was time for Them to perform Their
transcendental pastimes within the material world. Radharani replied that unless
Vraja Dhama, the Yamuna and Govardhana Hill were present there, She would not be
very happy. Krishna then told Radharani that She need not worry, as Vraja Dhama,
along with the Yamuna and Govardhana Hill had already appeared on earth.
Many years before this incident, in the land of Salmali dvipa, the wife
of the great mountain Dronacal gave birth to a son named Govardhana. At the time
of Govardhana’s birth all the demigods appeared in the sky and showered
flowers upon him. The great mountains, led by the Himalayas and Sumeru, came
there to offer their respects. They then performed parikrama
of Govardhana and accepted him as their king. They offered very nice prayers
praising Govardhana for having descended from Goloka Vrindavana, describing him
as the “crown jewel of Vraja.”
Some years later, at the beginning of Satya-yuga, the great sage Pulastya
Muni paid a visit to Salmali dvipa. Upon seeing the beautiful Govardhana Hill
covered with many lovely creepers, flowers, rivers, caves and chirping birds,
the sage felt that this hill was capable of giving liberation. He then went to
meet Dronacal, who immediately offered his respects and inquired from the sage
what service he could render.
Pulastya Muni informed Dronacal that he was from Kasi (Benares) and was
on pilgrimage to all the holy places. And he said that even though the sacred
river Ganges flows through Kasi, there is no beautiful hill. He then asked
Dronacal to give Govardhana to him so that he could perform his austerities
sitting on top of the hill.
On hearing the sage’s request, Dronacal, who was not willing to part
with his son, started to shed tears in thought of separation from his beloved
Govardhana. Not wanting to see Pulastya Muni become angry and curse his father,
Govardhana asked the sage how he would carry him all the way to Kasi. The sage
replied that he would carry him in his right hand. Govardhana then agreed to go
with the sage on one condition — that if the sage put him down anywhere during
the course of the journey, he would not be able to lift him again. Pulastya Muni
agreed. Carrying Govardhana in his right hand he left for Kasi.
By the will of providence Pulastya Muni passed through Vraja on his way
to Kasi. On arriving in Vraja, Govardhana thought that now he was here he should
remain in the holy dhama. By his
mystic power he was able to influence Pulastya Muni to attend to the call of
nature. Unmindful, the sage put Govardhana down and went off to answer the call.
But when he returned he was unable to lift Govardhana again. Trying with all his
might, using both hands, he could not lift Govardhana even slightly.
In great anger Pulastya Muni cursed Govardhana to sink into the ground by
the measurement of one mustard seed every day. When Govardhana first came to
Vraja in the beginning of Satya-yuga, he was eight yojanas long (64 miles); five
yojanas wide (40 miles) and two yojanas high (16 miles). It is said that after
ten thousand years of the Kali-yuga, Govardhana will have completely
After narrating the wonderful story of Govardhana’s appearance, Sunanda
informed Nanda Maharaja that as long as Govardhana Hill and the river Yamuna
remained manifest, Kali-yuga would not take its full effect. Sunanda also said
that anyone who is fortunate enough to hear the description of the appearance of
Govardhana Hill would be freed from all sins.